The procedure involves series of eight episodes lasting approximately 3 minutes each, whereby a mother, child and stranger are introduced, separated and reunited. Patterns of attachment behavior shown by the infant in interaction with his mother. The security of attachment in one- to two-year-olds were investigated using the strange situation paradigm, in order to determine the nature of attachment behaviors and styles of attachment.Ainsworth developed an experimental procedure in order to observe the variety of attachment forms exhibited between mothers and infants.The experiment is set up in a small room with one way glass so the behavior of the infant can be observed covertly. Child development, 2212-2225. Child Development, 65, 1014-27. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Devised in 1969, it would become the foundation of her ideas about individualized attachment. Resistance to contact from the mother by the child or resistance to comforting efforts. Ainsworth’s “Strange Situation” and Attachment Styles Mary Ainsworth, an American-Canadian developmental psychologist, tested Bowlby’s attachment theory in the 1960s and 1970s using the “strange situation” protocol, where infants were placed in an unfamiliar situation and separated from their parents or from their primary caregivers. 17-58. Mary Ainsworth Attachment Theory Mary Ainsworth the psychologists who provide the most detailed analyst research on an individual attachment offering explanations. In M.T. (6) Mother leaves; infant left completely alone. Megan White Tiffany McNeish Nikki Devante Jem Rogich 2. I will try here to simplify those concepts. Some of the earliest behavioral theoriessuggested that attachment was simply a learned behavior. Mary Ainsworth, who also studied children and their relationships with their parents, aided Bowlby in developing attachment theory. e.g., moving around the room, playing with toys, looking around the room. Then each behavior would be rated by the observer on a scale of 1-7 based on the behavior intensity that was displayed. The Strange Situation involved approximately 100 middle class American mothers and their infants. For most of her career, she studied the relationship between infants and their primary caregivers. Mary Ainsworth concluded that the strange situation could be used to identify the child's type of attachment has been criticized on the grounds that it identifies only the type of attachment to the mother. She had definitely modified and improved this theory by providing most famous research which explained the individual differences of newborns in attachment. In contrast, mothers who are less sensitive towards their child, for example, those who respond to the child’s needs incorrectly or who are impatient or ignore the child, are likely to have insecurely attached children. status: published. Mary Ainsworth went against this body of research because she believed that attachments were formed through a process that was much more complex than previously discussed. The sample comprised of 100 middle-class American families. Because the child is put under stress (separation and stranger anxiety), the study has broken the ethical guideline protection of participants. In addition, some research has shown that the same child may show different attachment behaviors on different occasions. They use the attachment figure as a safe base to explore the environment and seek the attachment figure in times of distress (Main, & Cassidy, 1988). There she earned her bachelor’s, master's, and her PhD, and she began teaching at the university in 1938. Since it was initially introduced, attachment theory has become one of the most well-known and influential theories in the field of psychology. (1990). Social support processes: Mediators of attachment state of mind and adjustment in later late adolescence. Fox, N. A. The strange situation procedure was presented by Mary Ainsworth in 1965, where she assessed attachment of mothers and their babies. Kagan, J., Reznick, J. S., Clarke, C., Snidman, N., & Garcia-Coll, C. (1984). Bowlby, J. The latter tested the theory and later on, many others added to and developed the concept of attachment in developmental psychology. 1 Bowlby was interested in understanding separation anxiety and expanded on Bowlby 's work contributions to attachment theory on! Described below joins the mother returned, the child and the child’s attachment type is only weak and responsive care! Is described below behaviors the child would show little interest famous research explained. 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